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Visual Impairment :
Special Educational Needs
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EDUCATION HEALTH AND CARE PLANS

If the level of additional support or provision that a child needs is above a certain level a request can be made by the parents, the young person (if over 16 years old), the school or other professionals to the local authority for them to conduct an EHC needs assessment.

The purpose of an EHC plan is to make special educational provision to meet the special educational needs of the child or young person, to secure the best possible outcomes for them across education, health and social care and, as they get older, prepare them for adulthood.

Obtaining an EHCP

The process of obtaining an EHCP goes through the following stages :

Stages in the process of obtaining an EHCP

The timescale for the whole process, from the initial request for an assessment to the issue of the final EHCP, must not normally exceed 20 weeks. There are exceptions, for example if the school is closed over the Summer holiday.

The decisions about whether an EHCP is needed and the subsequent content of the plan depend on the evidence that the LA has. The SEN Code of Practice states :

9.46 The local authority must gather advice from relevant professionals about the child or young person’s education, health and care needs, desired outcomes and special educational, health and care provision that may be required to meet identified needs and achieve desired outcomes.

In addition to information and views of the parents/carers and the child/young person, the evidence must be sought from all relevant professionals, who include school staff, QTVI, healthcare professionals, educational psychologist, social care professionals and any other professionals involved with the child’s education, healthcare or social care. These professionals must provide their information and advice within 6 weeks of the LA’s request for it.

The Structure of the EHCP

The EHCP document is divided into 12 sections. Explanations and details of the contents of each section are described in paragraph 9.69 of the SEN Code of Practice. It is important to remember that this is statutory guidance which the LA MUST follow.

A
The views, interests and aspirations of the child and their parents, or of the young person
B
The child or young person’s special educational needs (SEN)
C
The child or young person’s health needs which relate to their SEN
D
The child or young person’s social care needs which relate to their SEN
E
The outcomes sought for the child or the young person
F
The special educational provision required by the child or the young person
G
Any health provision reasonably required by the learning difficulties or disabilities which result in the child or young person having SEN
H1
Any social care provision which must be made for a child or young person under 18 resulting from section 2 of the Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act 1970 (CSDPA)
H2
Any other social care provision reasonably required by the learning difficulties or disabilities which result in the child or young person having SEN
I
Placement
J
Personal Budget (including arrangements for direct payments)
K
Advice and information

Details of the contents of each section together with an analysis schedule are in the EHCP section of this web-site. Click the link below to go to our analysis schedule. This will open the analysis section in a new window.

EHCP analysis section